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Histories:  Trempealeau County Historical Accounts:

"History of Trempealeau County Wisconsin, 1917":

Chapter 14:

-As transcribed from pages 276 - 277

There are no natural lakes in Trempealeau County, but the streams are dammed in many places, forming artificial lakes.  Trempealeau Lake, so called, is merely a portion of the Mississippi River.

Marinuka Lake is an artificial body of water formed by the mill dam at Galesville.  Charles E. Freeman (letter to Stephen Richmond, Jan. 21, 1912, now in the possession of the Trempealeau County Historical Society) says:  "At the head of the lake at Galesville, on the property known as the Arctic Springs, is the headstone that marks the resting place of Marie Nounka, a granddaughter of One-Eyed Decorah.  She died in 1884, and in the old Galesville Independent for the week beginning Oct. 5, 1884, there appeared the following notice:  'Death of an Indian Princess - The Princess Marie Nunka [sic], granddaughter of the great chief Decorah, died on the morning of Oct. 4, 1884, at the Arctic Springs, and was buried at midnight of the same day on a point of land belonging to the springs property.  An impressive ceremony was performed with only the light of the moon to shadow forth the dusky figures of the red men and the few spectators present.  Wallace Parker, John Sheely and Charles E. Freeman prepared the grave, as the relatives are not allowed to help in this part of the ceremony.  G. Y. Freeman wishes to state that any desecration of the grave will be resented by him to the full extent of the law.'  A good headstone was placed at the head of the grave and the facts of her genealogy engraved upon it.  In the summer of 1911 the body was removed across the little creek and is now resting about a rod south of the road.  Mr. Gardner and son, Bert Gipple, Dr. Mailer and myself, with one or two others, assisted in the transfer of the body to its new resting place.  A few years after her death, on motion of A. A. Arnold at a meeting of the village board, it was decided to christen the little lake at the edge of the village Marinuka, which is an abbreviation of the woman's full name, Marie Nounka.  Byron Olds has written and published a song entitled, "By Marinuka's Moonlit Shore.'"

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